Risk of Renal Dysfunction Following Heart Transplantation in Patients Bridged with a Left Ventricular Assist Device. ASAIO journal (American Society for Artificial Internal Organs : 1992) Tibrewala, A., Khush, K. K., Cherikh, W. S., Foutz, J., Stehlik, J., Rich, J. D. 2021


Acute renal failure (ARF) and chronic kidney disease (CKD) are associated with short- and long-term morbidity and mortality following heart transplantation (HT). We investigated the incidence and risk factors for developing ARF requiring hemodialysis (HD) and CKD following HT specifically in patients with a left ventricular assist device (LVAD). We examined the International Society for Heart and Lung Transplantation (ISHLT) Thoracic Transplant Registry for heart transplant patients between January 2000 and June 2015. We compared patients bridged with durable continuous-flow LVAD to those without LVAD support. Primary outcomes were ARF requiring HD before discharge following HT and CKD (defined as creatinine >2.5 mg/dl, permanent dialysis, or renal transplant) within 3 years. There were 18,738 patients, with 4,535 (24%) bridged with LVAD support. Left ventricular assist device patients had higher incidence of ARF requiring HD and CKD at 1 year, but no significant difference in CKD at 3 years compared to non-LVAD patients. Among LVAD patients, body mass index (BMI) (odds ratio [OR] = 1.79, p < 0.001), baseline estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) (OR = 0.43, p < 0.001), and ischemic time (OR = 1.28, p = 0.014) were significantly associated with ARF requiring HD. Similarly, BMI (hazard ratio [HR] = 1.49, p < 0.001), baseline eGFR (HR = 0.41, p < 0.001), pre-HT diabetes mellitus (DM) (HR = 1.37, p = 0.011), and post-HT dialysis before discharge (HR = 3.93, p < 0.001) were significantly associated with CKD. Left ventricular assist device patients have a higher incidence of ARF requiring HD and CKD at 1 year after HT compared with non-LVAD patients, but incidence of CKD is similar by 3 years. Baseline renal function, BMI, ischemic time, and DM can help identify LVAD patients at risk of ARF requiring HD or CKD following HT.

View details for DOI 10.1097/MAT.0000000000001558

View details for PubMedID 34419984