The role of ramucirumab with docetaxel in epidermal growth factor receptor mutant and wild-type non-small cell lung cancer. Journal of thoracic disease Ellis-Caleo, T., Neal, J. W. 2021; 13 (8): 4864-4871


Ramucirumab paired with docetaxel extends progression free survival and overall survival in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) following progression on platinum therapy. There is some data that epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) mutant disease would respond better to vascular endothelial growth factor receptor (VEGFR) therapy than EGFR wild type disease.This retrospective, single-institution cohort study reports outcomes of patients who received docetaxel with or without ramucirumab according to EGFR status. Clinical data including age, performance status, metastatic burden and prior treatment history was obtained and reported with time on treatment and overall survival as primary endpoints. Data analysis was performed for three cohorts: EGFR mutant disease receiving docetaxel and ramucirumab (EGFR-doce/ram), EGFR mutant disease receiving docetaxel alone (EGFR-doce) and EGFR wild type disease receiving docetaxel and ramucirumab (WT-doce/ram).Patients in the EGFR-doce/ram cohort had a median time on docetaxel of 1.4 months (95% CI: 0.72-5.2 months) and of 0.8 months (95% CI: 0.2-6.5 months) on ramucirumab. Patients in the EGFR-doce cohort were on docetaxel for a median 1.4 months (95% CI: 0.9-2.4 months). Patients in the WT-doce/ram cohort had a median time on docetaxel of 2.3 months (95% CI: 1.6-4.1 months) and on ramucirumab of 1.4 months (95% CI: 0.8-3.2 months). There was no significant difference between time on ramucirumab or docetaxel between the cohorts. Overall survival for the three cohorts was noted to be 6.7 months (95% CI: 2.5-16.2 months) for the EGFR-doce/ram cohort, 4.9 months (95% CI: 4.2-12.5 months) for the EGFR-doce cohort and 6.6 months (95% CI: 4.3-12.8 months) for the WT-doce/ram cohort. There was no significant difference in overall survival between the cohorts.Our data did not support the initial hypothesis that patients with EGFR mutant disease would do better with the addition of ramucirumab. Our study was limited by small sample size, retrospective nature and inability to control for confounders including prior bevacizumab or immune checkpoint inhibitor (ICI) exposure. This study offers real-world estimates to clinicians and patients about the length of time they can expect to derive benefit from the combination of ramucirumab and docetaxel.

View details for DOI 10.21037/jtd-21-557

View details for PubMedID 34527325

View details for PubMedCentralID PMC8411152