ABSTRACT: In children with arterial ischemic stroke (AIS), the definitive diagnosis of stroke subtype and confirmation of stroke etiology is necessary to mitigate stroke morbidity and prevent recurrent stroke. The common causes of AIS in children are sharply differentiated from the common causes of adult AIS. A comprehensive, structured diagnostic approach will identify the etiology of stroke in most children. Adequate diagnostic evaluation relies on advanced brain imaging and vascular imaging studies. A variety of medical and surgical secondary stroke prevention strategies directed at the underlying cause of stroke are available. This review aims to outline strategies for definitive diagnosis and secondary stroke prevention in children with AIS, emphasizing the critical role of neuroimaging.
View details for DOI 10.1097/RMR.0000000000000272
View details for PubMedID 34613945