More Than an ERAS Pathway is Needed to Meet Target Length of Stay After Pancreaticoduodenectomy. The Journal of surgical research Ayala, C. I., Li, A. Y., Lu, A., Wilson, A., Bergquist, J. R., Poultsides, G. A., Norton, J. A., Visser, B. C., Dua, M. M. 2021; 270: 195-202


BACKGROUND: Enhanced Recovery After Surgery (ERAS) protocols have been successfully instituted for pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD). This study evaluates reasons patients fail to meet length of stay (LOS) and areas for pathway improvement.MATERIALS AND METHODS: A multidisciplinary team developed and implemented an ERAS protocol for open PD in 2017. The study includes a medical record review of all patients who were perioperatively managed with the ERAS protocol and failed to meet LOS after PD procedures. Target LOS was defined as 7 d.RESULTS: From 2017 to 2020, 44% (93 of 213) of patients using ERAS protocol after PD procedures failed to meet target LOS. The most common reason to fail target LOS was ileus or delayed gastric emptying (47 of 93, LOS 11). Additional reasons included work-up of leukocytosis or pancreatic leak (17 of 93, LOS 14), additional "night" of observation (14 of 93, LOS 8), and orthostatic hypotension (3 of 93, LOS 10). Of these additional 46 patients, 19 patients underwent computed tomography (on or after POD 7) and only four patients received additional inpatient intervention.CONCLUSIONS: The most common reason for PD pathway failure included slow return of gastrointestinal function, a known complication after PD. The remaining patients were often kept for observation without additional intervention. This group represents an actionable cohort to target for improving LOS through surgeon awareness rather than protocol modification.

View details for DOI 10.1016/j.jss.2021.08.034

View details for PubMedID 34688991