High-resolution epitope mapping by AllerScan reveals relationships between IgE and IgG repertoires during peanut oral immunotherapy. Cell reports. Medicine Chen, G., Shrock, E. L., Li, M. Z., Spergel, J. M., Nadeau, K. C., Pongracic, J. A., Umetsu, D. T., Rachid, R., MacGinnitie, A. J., Phipatanakul, W., Schneider, L., Oettgen, H. C., Elledge, S. J. 2021; 2 (10): 100410


Peanut allergy can result in life-threatening reactions and is a major public health concern. Oral immunotherapy (OIT) induces desensitization to food allergens through administration of increasing amounts of allergen. To dissect peanut-specific immunoglobulin E (IgE) and IgG responses in subjects undergoing OIT, we have developed AllerScan, a method that leverages phage-display and next-generation sequencing to identify the epitope targets of peanut-specific antibodies. We observe a striking diversification and boosting of the peanut-specific IgG repertoire after OIT and a reduction in pre-existing IgE levels against individual epitopes. High-resolution epitope mapping reveals shared recognition of public epitopes in Ara h 1, 2, 3, and 7. In individual subjects, OIT-induced IgG specificities overlap extensively with IgE and exhibit strikingly similar antibody footprints, suggesting related clonal lineages or convergent evolution of peanut-specific IgE and IgG B cells. Individual differences in epitope recognition identified via AllerScan could inform safer and more effective personalized immunotherapy.

View details for DOI 10.1016/j.xcrm.2021.100410

View details for PubMedID 34755130

View details for PubMedCentralID PMC8563412