Cutaneous T-cell lymphoma (CTCL) comprises a spectrum of T-cell lymphomas with primary skin involvement. Mycosis fungoides (MF) and Sezary syndrome (SS) are the common subtypes of CTCL in which patients present with widely diverse profiles of skin involvement and varying extents of extracutaneous disease. Patients with early-stage disease have an excellent prognosis and are managed primarily with skin-directed therapies; however, those with advanced-stage MF or SS often require multiple lines and recurrent courses of systemic therapies. Many options are available when considering systemic agents, and it is often challenging to know how to prioritize therapies to address a patient's objective disease and quality of life issues. Appreciating the disease heterogeneity and understanding the patient's overall disease profile (eg, skin, lymph nodes, blood, large cell transformation) serve as a useful framework in aligning therapies that can optimally treat active sites of disease. Tissue or blood biomarkers can be integrated into our process of prioritizing therapies and personalizing management in MF or SS. Multidisciplinary management and optimizing supportive care are additional key elements for a favorable outcome. Appropriate patients with high-risk disease should be considered for allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplant.
View details for DOI 10.1182/hematology.2021000263
View details for PubMedID 34889422