OBJECTIVE: Practice patterns and durability of parallel stent graft techniques in complex endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) remain poorly defined. We aimed to quantify and compare the impact of renal chimney intra-aortic stent length (IASL) on geometric deformations of renal arteries in complex EVAR.METHODS: Thirty-eight nonconsecutive patients underwent EVAR utilizing parallel stent graft techniques (chimney EVAR [chEVAR], n = 28; chimney endovascular aneurysm sealing [chEVAS], n = 10) between 2010 and 2016. A total of 59 renal chimney stent grafts were used. Geometric quantification was derived from three-dimensional model-based centerline extraction. Renal chimney intra-aortic stent length (IASL) was defined as the length of chimney stent that extended from the proximal edge of the chimney stent to the ostium of the corresponding renal artery.RESULTS: Mean IASL for both left and right renal arteries in the cohort was 35.7mm. Renal arteries containing chimney IASL <30mm trended toward a greater branch angle (135.4 vs. 127.8°, p = .06). Left renal arteries showed significantly greater branch angle among those with IASL <40mm (135.5 vs. 121.7°, p = .045). Mean IASL for renal arteries in chEVAR was significantly longer compared to chEVAS (39.2 vs. 26.3mm, p = .003). No difference was noted in overall branch angle or end-stent angle based on procedure type. ChEVAR with IASL <30mm had significantly greater end-stent angle (48.2 vs. 33.5°, p = .03). In contrast, chEVAS patients showed no difference in end-stent angle based on IASL thresholds, but did have significantly greater branch angle among those with IASL <30mm when grouped by both all renal arteries (133.5 vs. 113.5°, p = .004) and right renal arteries (134.3 vs. 111.6°, p = .02).CONCLUSIONS: Renal chimney stents with longer IASL appear to exhibit less renal artery deformation, suggesting a more gradual and perpendicular transition of the chimney stent across the renal ostium.
View details for DOI 10.1177/17085381211059978
View details for PubMedID 34963378