Anti-CD79B Antibody-Drug Conjugate DCDS0780A in Patients with B-Cell Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma: Phase 1 Dose-Escalation Study. Clinical cancer research : an official journal of the American Association for Cancer Research Herrera, A. F., Patel, M. R., Burke, J. M., Advani, R., Cheson, B. D., Sharman, J. P., Penuel, E., Polson, A. G., Liao, C. D., Li, C., Schuth, E., Vaze, A., Samineni, D., Elstrom, R., Cooper, J., Diefenbach, C. 1800


PURPOSE: Targeting CD79B using antibody-drug conjugates (ADC) is an effective therapeutic strategy in B-cell non-Hodgkin lymphoma (B-NHL). We investigated DCDS0780A, an anti-CD79B ADC with THIOMAB{trade mark, serif} technology (TDC) that consistently conjugates two anti-neoplastic molecules per antibody, in contrast to ADCs with heterogeneous loads.PATIENTS AND METHODS: This phase 1 study enrolled 60 patients with histologically confirmed B-NHL that had relapsed/failed to respond following {greater than or equal to}1 prior treatment regimens; 41 (68%) had diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL). Fifty-one patients received DCDS0780A monotherapy once every 3 weeks (0.3-4.8 mg/kg); 9 received combination therapy (3.6-4.8 mg/kg) with rituximab.RESULTS: Fifty-four (90%) patients experienced adverse events related to study drug, the most common of which were blurred vision, fatigue, corneal deposits, neutropenia, nausea, and peripheral neuropathy. 4.8 mg/kg was the highest dose tested and the recommended phase II dose. The pharmacokinetic profile was linear at doses {greater than or equal to}1.2 mg/kg. Response rate in all-treated patients (N=60) was 47% (n=28), including 17 complete responses (28%) and 11 partial responses (18%). The median duration of response (15.2 months) was the same for all responders (n=28) and patients with DLBCL (n=20).CONCLUSIONS: DCDS0780A as the TDC format for CD79B was tested at higher doses than its ADC counterpart investigated earlier, leading to deep responses. However, dose intensity was limited by ocular toxicities seen at the higher doses indicating that the TDC format was unable, in the current study, to expand the therapeutic index for the CD79B target. The encouraging anti-tumor activity advocates continuation of investigations into novel ADC technologies.

View details for DOI 10.1158/1078-0432.CCR-21-3261

View details for PubMedID 34980599