CD20-Targeted Therapy Ablates De Novo Antibody Response to Vaccination but Spares Pre-Established Immunity. Blood cancer discovery Shree, T., Shankar, V., Lohmeyer, J. J., Czerwinski, D. K., Schroers-Martin, J. G., Rodriguez, G. M., Beygi, S., Kanegai, A. M., Corbelli, K. S., Gabriel, E., Kurtz, D. M., Khodadoust, M. S., Gupta, N. K., Maeda, L. S., Advani, R. H., Alizadeh, A. A., Levy, R. 2022


To obtain a deeper understanding of poor responses to COVID-19 vaccination in lymphoma patients, we assessed blocking antibodies, total anti-spike IgG, and spike-specific memory B cells in the peripheral blood of 126 patients with lymphoma and 20 age-matched healthy controls 1 and 4 months after COVID-19 vaccination. Fifty-five percent of patients developed blocking antibodies post-vaccination, compared to 100% of controls. Evaluating patients last treated from days to nearly 18 years prior to vaccination, time since last anti-CD20 was a significant independent predictor of vaccine response. None of 31 patients who had received anti-CD20 treatment within 6 months prior to vaccination developed blocking antibodies. In contrast, patients who initiated anti-CD20 treatment shortly after achieving a vaccine-induced antibody response tended to retain that response during treatment, suggesting a policy of immunizing prior to treatment whenever possible.

View details for DOI 10.1158/2643-3230.BCD-21-0222

View details for PubMedID 35015688