Transplantation of declined livers after normothermic perfusion. Surgery Quintini, C., Del Prete, L., Simioni, A., Del Angel, L., Diago Uso, T., D'Amico, G., Hashimoto, K., Aucejo, F., Fujiki, M., Eghtesad, B., Sasaki, K., Kwon, C. H., Cywinski, J., Bennett, A., Bilancini, M., Miller, C., Liu, Q. 2022

Abstract

The persistent shortage of liver allografts contributes to significant waitlist mortality despite efforts to increase organ donation. Normothermic machine perfusion holds the potential to enhance graft preservation, extend viability, and allow liver function evaluation in organs previously discarded because considered too high-risk for transplant.Discarded livers from other transplant centers were transplanted after assessment and reconditioning with our institutionally developed normothermic machine perfusion device. We report here our preliminary data.Twenty-one human livers declined for transplantation were enrolled for assessment with normothermic machine perfusion. Six livers (28.5%) were ultimately discarded after normothermic machine perfusion because of insufficient lactate clearance (>4.1 mmol/L after 4 hours), limited bile production (<0.5 mI/h), or moderate macrosteatosis, whereas 15 (71.5%) were considered suitable for transplantation. Normothermic machine perfusion duration was from 3 hours, 49 minutes to 10 hours, 29 minutes without technical problems or adverse events. No intraoperative or major early postoperative complications occurred in all transplanted recipients. No primary nonfunction occurred after transplantation. Seven livers had early allograft dysfunction with fast recovery, and 1 patient developed ischemic cholangiopathy after 4 months treated with biliary stents. All other patients had good liver function with a follow-up time of 8 weeks to 14 months.In total, 71.5% of discarded livers subjected to ex vivo normothermic machine perfusion were successfully transplanted after organ perfusion and assessment using an institutionally built device. This study challenges the current viability criteria reported in the literature and calls for a standardization of viability markers collection, an essential condition for the advancement of the field.

View details for DOI 10.1016/j.surg.2021.10.056

View details for PubMedID 35065791