Chronic partial TrkB activation reduces seizures and mortality in a mouse model of Dravet syndrome. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America Gu, F., Parada, I., Yang, T., Longo, F. M., Prince, D. A. 2022; 119 (7)


Dravet syndrome (DS) is one of the most severe childhood epilepsies, characterized by intractable seizures and comorbidities including cognitive and social dysfunction and high premature mortality. DS is mainly caused by loss-of-function mutations in the Scn1a gene encoding Nav1.1 that is predominantly expressed in inhibitory parvalbumin-containing (PV) interneurons. Decreased Nav1.1 impairs PV cell function, contributing to DS phenotypes. Effective pharmacological therapy that targets defective PV interneurons is not available. The known role of brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) in the development and maintenance of interneurons, together with our previous results showing improved PV interneuronal function and antiepileptogenic effects of a TrkB receptor agonist in a posttraumatic epilepsy model, led to the hypothesis that early treatment with a TrkB receptor agonist might prevent or reduce seizure activity in DS mice. To test this hypothesis, we treated DS mice with LM22A-4 (LM), a partial agonist at the BDNF TrkB receptor, for 7 d starting at postnatal day 13 (P13), before the onset of spontaneous seizures. Results from immunohistochemistry, Western blot, whole-cell patch-clamp recording, and invivo seizure monitoring showed that LM treatment increased the number of perisomatic PV interneuronal synapses around cortical pyramidal cells in layer V, upregulated Nav1.1 in PV neurons, increased inhibitory synaptic transmission, and decreased seizures and the mortality rate in DS mice. The results suggest that early treatment with a partial TrkB receptor agonist may be a promising therapeutic approach to enhance PV interneuron function and reduce epileptogenesis and premature death in DS.

View details for DOI 10.1073/pnas.2022726119

View details for PubMedID 35165147