Adhesive Taping Shows Better Cosmetic Outcomes Than Tissue Adhesives for Sutured Upper Extremity Incisions: A Single-Blind Prospective Randomized Controlled Trial ORTHOPEDICS Mcquillan, T. J., Vora, M., Hawkins, J., Kenney, D., Diaz, R., Ladd, A. L. 2022; 45 (1): E42-E46


Adhesive taping is commonly used to reinforce wound closure and approximate minor lacerations. Recently, tissue adhesives such as 2-octylcyanoacrylate have gained popularity because of their high tensile strength, bacteriostatic properties, and spontaneous peeling. We sought to evaluate the cosmetic result of upper extremity incisions closed primarily by subcuticular suture, randomizing the application of tissue adhesive vs adhesive taping to different halves of the same surgical incision. Subjects were recruited from patients undergoing common procedures at the senior surgeon's hand surgery clinic. After primary closure, we applied either quarter-inch adhesive tape or tissue adhesive to the proximal and distal aspects of the wounds, based on a preoperative randomization protocol. We assessed the scars at approximately 3 months (range, 2-5 months). Subjects completed a validated scar assessment questionnaire, and a blinded photograph was obtained to allow 2 independent surgeons to assess the scar. Mean age was 63 years (SD, 11.8 years; range, 21-88 years); 56% of patients were women, and 44% were men. Most of the incisions were open carpal tunnel release and thumb carpometacarpal arthroplasty (14 each). Adhesive taping showed a better overall mean score based on evaluation by the hand surgeons, a finding that was statistically significant. The greatest differences were observed between color and size, but no subcategories were significantly different. Patients reported nonstatistical, but slightly better overall cosmetic outcomes with adhesive taping rather than tissue adhesive. Adhesive strips provide a modest but significant improvement in cosmetic outcomes vs more expensive tissue adhesive. Future evaluation of closure methods that evaluate cost, speed of application, suture technique, and dressing will optimize scar appearance. [Orthopedics. 2022;45(1):e42-e46.].

View details for DOI 10.3928/01477447-20211101-08

View details for Web of Science ID 000759519200014

View details for PubMedID 34734780