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Predictors of dropout in university students participating in an 8-week e-mail-based cognitive-behavioral therapy for insomnia intervention. Sleep & breathing = Schlaf & Atmung Nam, H., Chang, J., Trockel, M., Okajima, I., Yang, C., Chan, N. Y., Li, S., Suh, S. 2022

Abstract

PURPOSE: We conducted an exploratory study to identify risk factors of dropout in an 8-week e-mail-based cognitive-behavioral therapy for insomnia (REFRESH) to improve sleep among university students with insomnia symptoms.METHODS: University and graduate students in Hong Kong and Korea who scored higher than 10 on the Insomnia Severity Index participated in REFRESH.RESULTS: Of 158 participants from Hong Kong (n = 43) and Korea (n = 115), 90 (57%) did not complete all 7 sessions, while 52 of 90 (57.8%) dropped out prior to the fourth session. ROC analysis was conducted on the entire sample of 158 participants with intervention completion vs. dropout (non-completion) as the outcome variable. Predictors of dropout were wake time after sleep onset (WASO)<7.1min on the weekly sleep diary and expectations for sleep (a subscale of dysfunctional beliefs and attitudes about sleep; DBAS)<18 at baseline.CONCLUSIONS: These findings indicate that shorter WASO and less expectations for sleep at baseline were associated with risk of dropout from e-mail delivered self-help CBT-I-based intervention. Our results highlight the importance of identifying and tailoring treatment formats to students based on their presenting sleep characteristics.

View details for DOI 10.1007/s11325-022-02609-y

View details for PubMedID 35412222