Thumb carpometacarpal (CMC) osteoarthritis (OA) is a prevalent disease that causes pain and disability. Determining the progression of CMC OA is problematic given the lack of consensus for classifications and scoring systems. We performed a systematic review to (1) determine which imaging modalities or scoring systems are used to evaluate CMC OA progression, and (2) describe the progression of CMC OA through available metrics.This review adhered to the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses guidelines. An English language literature search was performed in July 2019 and included studies evaluating CMC OA progression with an imaging modality or radiographic scoring system, with a minimum 1-year follow-up. Studies were analyzed with respect to their methodology, scoring systems, and relevant findings.The initial search yielded 4,097 articles, 10 of which met inclusion criteria. Study size varied from 32 to 289 subjects; many subjects were included in multiple cohorts. Eight studies used radiography whereas 2 used scintigraphy. Estimates of progression varied from 20% to 70% (with large variation in follow-up time); the magnitude of progression varied from 3% to 48% (joint space narrowing) and from 0.6 to 1 points (Kellgren-Lawrence scale). The percentage of subjects who progressed and the progression degree varied widely and depended on follow-up length and the scoring system used.A paucity of literature exists to measure CMC OA progression; there is a lack of uniformly accepted imaging modality, scoring system, or follow-up interval. This absence provides the opportunity to determine consensus techniques and metrics to assess the natural history of thumb CMC OA.Diagnostic III.
View details for DOI 10.1016/j.jhsg.2020.09.001
View details for PubMedID 35415524
View details for PubMedCentralID PMC8991744