BACKGROUND: The optimal surgical management of pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors in patients with multiple endocrine neoplasia type 1 is controversial. This study sought to compare clinicopathologic characteristics and outcomes of multiple endocrine neoplasia type 1-associated and sporadic pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors from a large multi-national database.METHODS: A multi-institutional, international database of patients with surgically resected pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors was analyzed. The cohort was divided into 2 groups: those with multiple endocrine neoplasia type 1 versus those with sporadic disease. Clinicopathologic comparisons were made. Overall and disease-free survival were analyzed. Propensity score matching was used to reduce bias.RESULTS: Of 651 patients included, 45 (6.9%) had multiple endocrine neoplasia type 1 and 606 sporadic pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors. Multiple endocrine neoplasia type 1-associated pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors were more common in younger patients and associated with multifocal disease at the time of surgery and higher T-stage. Lymph node involvement and the presence of metastasis were similar. Total pancreatectomy rate was 5-fold higher in the multiple endocrine neoplasia type 1 cohort. Median survival did not differ (disease-free survival 126 months multiple endocrine neoplasia type 1 vs 198 months sporadic, P > .5). After matching, survival remained similar (overall survival not reached in either cohort, disease-free survival 126 months multiple endocrine neoplasia type 1 vs 198 months sporadic, P > .5). Equivalence in overall survival and disease-free survival persisted even when patients who underwent subtotal and total pancreatectomy were excluded.CONCLUSION: Multiple endocrine neoplasia type 1-associated pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors are more common in younger patients and are associated with multifocality and higher T-stage. Survival for patients with multiple endocrine neoplasia type 1-associated pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors is comparable to those with sporadic pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors, even in the absence of radical pancreatectomy. Consideration should be given to parenchymal-sparing surgery to preserve pancreatic function.
View details for DOI 10.1016/j.surg.2022.04.011
View details for PubMedID 35577612