Can Translational Social Neuroscience Research offer Insights to Mitigate Structural Racism in America? Biological psychiatry. Cognitive neuroscience and neuroimaging Singh, M. K., Nimarko, A., Bruno, J., Anand, K. J., Singh, S. P. 2022


Social isolation and conflict due to structural racism may result in human suffering and loneliness across the lifespan. Given the rising prevalence of these problems in America, combined with disruptions experienced during the COVID-19 pandemic, the neurobiology of affiliative behaviors may offer practical solutions to the pressing challenges associated with structural racism. Controlled experiments across species demonstrate that social connections are critical to survival, although strengthening individual resilience is insufficient to address the magnitude and impact of structural racism. In contrast, the multi-level construct of social resilience, defined by the power of groups to cultivate, engage in, and sustain positive relationships that endure and recuperate from social adversities, offers unique insights that may have greater impact, reach, and durability than individual-level interventions. Here, we review the putative social resilience-enhancing interventions and, when available, their biological mediators, with the hope to stimulate discovery of novel approaches to mitigate structural racism. We will first explore the social neuroscience principles underlying psychotherapy and other psychiatric interventions. Then, we will explore translational efforts across species to tailor treatments that increase social resilience, with context and cultural sensitivity in mind. Finally, we will conclude with some practical future directions for understudied areas that may be essential for progress in biological psychiatry, including ethical ways to increase representation in research and developing social paradigms that inform dynamics toward or away from socially resilient outcomes.

View details for DOI 10.1016/j.bpsc.2022.05.005

View details for PubMedID 35609781