Diversity within the Neurosurgical Oncology Workforce in the United States: A Cross-Sectional Study with Proposed Strategies to Pave the Path Forward. Neuro-oncology Asfaw, Z. K., Rodriguez, A., Hodges, T. R., Mazumdar, M., Zhan, S., Lim, M., Germano, I. M. 2022


BACKGROUND: Improving and fostering diversity within the neurosurgical workforce has become a high priority. This cross-sectional study aims to provide data on the diversity of neurosurgical oncology faculty (NSOF) in the US.METHODS: All 115 neurosurgery (NS) ACGME accredited programs were included in this study. The academic rank, academic and clinical title(s), gender, race, and hiring date of neurosurgical faculty with a primary focus on neurosurgical oncology (NSOF) were recorded. Geographical distribution and "top 10" programs were tabulated according to published data. Underrepresented minorities in medicine (URiM) faculty were identified according to the AAMC definition.RESULTS: The NSOF workforce constitute 21% of the total NS faculty. Of these, 10.1% are women and 9.9% are URiM (p<0.001). Currently, 58% of neurosurgery programs (NSP) do not have URiM and/or women NSOF. The top 10 ranked NSP, according to Blue Ridge Institute for Medical Research, had a significantly less URiM NSOF (p= 0.019) than non-top 10 ranked programs. There was a decreasing trend in the proportion of URiM at higher academic ranks (p= 0.019). All of the URiM department chairs (3/113)- all men- and 1/3 women department chairs nationwide subspecialized in neurosurgical oncology.CONCLUSIONS: Neurosurgical oncology is a sought-after subspecialty attracting a fifth of neurosurgeons practicing in ACGME-accredited training programs. Changing demographics and the benefits of workforce diversity represent a great opportunity for our field to continue leading inclusion efforts and attracting the best and brightest.

View details for DOI 10.1093/neuonc/noac150

View details for PubMedID 35705107