Background We aimed to characterize the occurrence of major adverse cardiovascular and limb events (MACE and MALE) among patients with peripheral artery disease (PAD) undergoing peripheral vascular intervention (PVI), as well as associated factors in patients with chronic limb threatening ischemia (CLTI). Methods and Results Patients undergoing PVI in the American College of Cardiology's (ACC) National Cardiovascular Data Registry's PVI Registry who could be linked to Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services data were included. The primary outcomes were MACE, MALE, and readmission within 1month and 1year following index CLTI-PVI or non-CLTI-PVI. Cox proportional hazards regression was used to identify factors associated with the development of the primary outcomes among patients undergoing CLTI-PVI. There were 1758 (49.7%) patients undergoing CLTI-PVI and 1779 (50.3%) undergoing non-CLTI-PVI. By 1year, MACE occurred in 29.5% of patients with CLTI (n=519), and MALE occurred in 34.0% of patients with CLTI (n=598). By 1year, MACE occurred in 8.2% of patients with non-CLTI (n=146), and MALE occurred in 26.1% of patients with non-CLTI (n=465). Predictors of MACE at 1year in CLTI-PVI included end-stage renal disease on hemodialysis, congestive heart failure, prior CABG, and severe lung disease. Predictors of MALE at 1year in CLTI-PVI included treatment of a prior bypass graft, profunda femoral artery treatment, end-stage renal disease on hemodialysis, and treatment of a previously treated lesion. Conclusions Patients =65years old undergoing PVI experience high rates of MACE and MALE. A range of modifiable and non-modifiable patient factors, procedural characteristics, and medications are associated with the occurrence of MACE and MALE following CLTI-PVI.
View details for DOI 10.1161/JAHA.121.024279
View details for PubMedID 35723018