The American Cancer Society (ACS) published an updated Guideline for Cancer Prevention (ACS Guideline) in 2020. Research suggests that adherence to the 2012 ACS Guideline might lower breast cancer risk, but there is limited evidence that this applies to women at increased familial and genetic risk of breast cancer.Using the Breast Cancer Family Registry (BCFR), a cohort enriched for increased familial and genetic risk of breast cancer, we examined adherence to three 2020 ACS Guideline recommendations (weight management (body mass index), physical activity, and alcohol consumption) with breast cancer risk in 9615 women. We used Cox proportional hazard regression modeling to calculate hazard ratios (HRs) and 95% confidence intervals (CI) overall and stratified by BRCA1 and BRCA2 pathogenic variant status, family history of breast cancer, menopausal status, and estrogen receptor-positive (ER?+) breast cancer.We observed 618 incident invasive or in situ breast cancers over a median 12.9 years. Compared with being adherent to none (n?=?55 cancers), being adherent to any ACS recommendation (n?=?563 cancers) was associated with a 27% lower breast cancer risk (HR?=?0.73, 95% CI: 0.55-0.97). This was evident for women with a first-degree family history of breast cancer (HR?=?0.68, 95% CI: 0.50-0.93), women without BRCA1 or BRCA2 pathogenic variants (HR?=?0.71, 95% CI: 0.53-0.95), postmenopausal women (HR?=?0.63, 95% CI: 0.44-0.89), and for risk of ER+?breast cancer (HR?=?0.63, 95% CI: 0.40-0.98).Adherence to the 2020 ACS Guideline recommendations for BMI, physical activity, and alcohol consumption could reduce breast cancer risk for postmenopausal women and women at increased familial risk.
View details for DOI 10.1007/s10549-022-06656-7
View details for PubMedID 35780210