Prevalence of hepatitis B virus DNA polymerase mutations in treatment-naive patients with chronic hepatitis B ALIMENTARY PHARMACOLOGY & THERAPEUTICS Nguyen, M. H., Garcia, R. T., Trinh, H. N., Nguyen, H. A., Nguyen, K. K., Nguyen, L. H., Levitt, B. 2009; 30 (11-12): 1150-1158


One of the most important factors in treatment failure using nucleos(t)ide analogues in chronic hepatitis B is anti-viral resistance. Primary drug resistance refers to amino acid changes in the hepatitis B virus polymerase/reverse transcriptase (rt) that result in reduced susceptibility to anti-viral agents. Pre-existing drug resistance mutations may occur in untreated patients and may affect their treatment outcomes.To determine the prevalence of hepatitis B DNA polymerase mutations in treatment-naïve patients.We used a direct PCR sequencing test to detect DNA polymerase mutations in 472 consecutive treatment-naïve patients at two community gastroenterology clinics in Northern California.A majority of patients were Asians (>95%), had either genotype B or C (95%) and had no evidence of cirrhosis or liver cancer (94%). Mean age was 45 +/- 13 and mean hepatitis B virus DNA was 5.3 +/- 1.8 log(10) IU/mL. Most patients did not have any detectable mutations (82.4%). Some (16.7%) had mutations of unknown clinical significance (rtV207M/L/I) and only 4 patients had rtA181A/S, rtA194S or M250I.No rtM204V/I or rtN236T mutations were observed in our study. Less than 1% of our patients had mutations that can be associated with primary resistance to existing anti-viral therapies for hepatitis B virus.

View details for DOI 10.1111/j.1365-2036.2009.04151.x

View details for Web of Science ID 000271465300007

View details for PubMedID 19785624