Lower extremity lymphedema (LEL) can result in detriments to quality of life (QOL) and impose a significant economic burden on patients and payers. A common component of treatment is pneumatic compression, which requires patients toremain immobile. We investigated a novel non-pneumatic compression device (NPCD) that allows patients to remain active during compression treatment, to see if it reduces swelling and improves QOL. We conducted a non-randomized, open-label, 12-week pilot study of adult patients with primary or secondary unilateral LEL, and measured changes in limb edema and QOL using the Lymphedema Quality of Life Questionnaire (LYMQOL). Twenty-four subjects were enrolled; the majority were female (17) with secondary lymphedema (21). Eighteen completed the study. Statistically significant improvements were observed in overall QOL, aggregated LYMQOL total score, and three of four LYMQOL subscales (Function, Appearance, Mood). The fourth (Symptoms) trended toward significant improvement (p=0.06). The average reduction in affected limb edema was 39.4%. The novel NPCD produced statistically significant improvements in QOL, functioning, and edema volume of patients with LEL. Innovations in devices to manage LEL can be effective while allowing patients to maintain mobility and physical activity during treatment.
View details for DOI 10.1038/s41598-022-17225-9
View details for PubMedID 35977981