Liver-Related Mortality in Hepatitis B Virus Core Antibody+/Hepatitis B Virus Surface Antigen- Patients: Occult Hepatitis B Virus, Hepatitis B Virus Reactivation, and Hepatocellular Carcinoma Development. The American journal of gastroenterology Jung, J., Nguyen, M. H. 2023; 118 (1): 24-25


Although hepatitis B virus surface antigen (HBsAg) serum clearance is an important milestone in the natural history of chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection, HBsAg-negative patients are at risk of liver cancer and liver-related death, especially when progressive fibrosis is present. HBsAg-negative/anti-HBV core antibody-positive patients should be carefully evaluated and managed accordingly for the presence of significant liver fibrosis, other viral coinfections, occult HBV infection, risk of HBV reactivation, and hepatocellular carcinoma. Antiviral prophylaxis should be initiated in isolated anti-HBV core antibody patients receiving high-risk chemotherapy or biologics. Hepatocellular carcinoma surveillance with liver ultrasound and serum alpha-fetoprotein should be considered for patients with risk factors.

View details for DOI 10.14309/ajg.0000000000002030

View details for PubMedID 36602834