Since 2005, the United States Preventative Services Task Force (USPSTF) has recommended abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) ultrasound screening for 65- to 75-year-old male ever-smokers. Integrated health systems such as Kaiser Permanente and the Veterans Affairs (VA) healthcare system report 74-79% adherence, but compliance rates in the private sector are unknown.The IBM Marketscan® Commercial and Medicare Supplemental databases (2006 -2017) were queried for male ever-smokers continuously enrolled from age 65 to 75. Exclusion criteria were previous history of abdominal aortic aneurysm, connective tissue disorder, and aortic surgery. Patients with abdominal computed tomographic or magnetic resonance imaging from ages 65 to 75 were also excluded. Screening was defined as a complete abdominal, retroperitoneal, or aortic ultrasound. A logistic mixed-effects model utilizing state as a random intercept was used to identify patient characteristics associated with screening.Of 35,154 eligible patients, 13,612 (38.7%, Table 1) underwent screening. Compliance varied by state, ranging from 24.4% in Minnesota to 51.6% in Montana (p <0.05, Figure 1). Screening activity increased yearly, with 0.7% of screening activity occurring in 2008 versus 22.2% in 2016 (p <0.05, Figure 2). In a logistic mixed-effects model adjusting for state as a random intercept, history of hypertension (OR 1.07, 95% CI [1.03 - 1.13]), coronary artery disease (OR 1.17, 95% CI [1.10, 1.22]), congestive heart failure (OR 1.14, 95% CI [1.01 - 1.22]), diabetes (OR 1.1, 95% CI [1.06 - 1.16]) and chronic kidney disease (OR 1.4 95% CI [1.24 - 1.53]) were associated with screening. Living outside of a census-designated metropolitan area was negatively associated with screening (OR 0.92, 95% CI [0.87 - 0.97], Table 2).In a private claims database representing 250 million claimants, 38.7% of eligible patients received UPSTF-recommended AAA screening. Compliance was nearly half that of integrated health systems and was significantly lower for patients living outside of metropolitan areas. Efforts to improve early detection of AAA should include targeting non-metropolitan areas and modifying Medicare reimbursement and incentivization strategies to improve guideline adherence.
View details for DOI 10.1016/j.jvs.2023.01.202
View details for PubMedID 36781115