Single ventricle physiology (SVP) is used to describe any congenital heart lesion that is unable to support independent pulmonary and systemic circulations. Current treatment strategies rely on a series of palliation surgeries that culminate in the Fontan physiology, which relies on the single functioning ventricle to provide systemic circulation while passively routing venous return through the pulmonary circulation. Despite significant reductions in early mortality, the presence of atrioventricular valve (AVV) regurgitation is a key predictor of heart failure in these patients. We sought to evaluate the biomechanical changes associated with the AVV in SVP physiologies. Left and right ventricles were sutured onto patient-derived 3D-printed mounts and mounted into an ex vivo systemic heart simulator capable of reproducing Norwood, Glenn, Fontan and Late Fontan physiologies. We found that the tricuspid anterior leaflet experienced elevated maximum force, average force, and maximum yank compared to the posterior and septal leaflets. Between physiologies, maximum yank was greatest in the Norwood physiology relative to the Glenn, Fontan, and Late Fontan physiologies. These contrasting trends suggest that long- and short-term mechanics of AVV failure in single ventricle differ and that AVV interventions should account for asymmetries in force profiles between leaflets and physiologies.
View details for DOI 10.1007/s10439-023-03178-1
View details for PubMedID 36966247
View details for PubMedCentralID 5371563