In the skull vault, neural crest derived frontal bones have an increased healing capacity and higher expression levels of Fibroblast Growth Factor-ligands as compared to mesoderm-derived parietal bones. Thus, we asked whether Fibroblast Growth Factor-ligands are responsible for the superior healing potential of frontal bones. Parietal defects in juvenile and adult mice treated with Fibroblast Growth Factor-2, -9 and -18 showed increased bone regeneration, comparable to frontal defects. Immunohistochemistry revealed increased recruitment of osteoprogenitors and activation of FGF-signaling pathways in FGF-treated parietal defects. Conversely, calvarial defects in Fgf-9(+/-) and Fgf-18(+/-) mice showed impaired calvarial healing which could be rescued by exogenous Fibroblast Growth Factor-ligands. Moreover, by utilizing Wnt1Cre/R26R mice, the migration and contribution of dura mater and pericranium cells to calvarial healing could be demonstrated. Taken together our results demonstrated that different endogenous threshold levels of Fibroblast Growth Factor-ligands in frontal and parietal bones have a profound impact on calvarial regeneration. The present study thereby opens new avenues for translational medicine.
View details for DOI 10.1016/j.bone.2010.05.008
View details for Web of Science ID 000280449300015
View details for PubMedID 20472108