DELAYED-ONSET BLEB-ASSOCIATED ENDOPHTHALMITIS (1996-2008) Causative Organisms and Visual Acuity Outcomes RETINA-THE JOURNAL OF RETINAL AND VITREOUS DISEASES Leng, T., Miller, D., Flynn, H. W., Jacobs, D. J., Gedde, S. J. 2011; 31 (2): 344-352


The purpose of this study was to report the clinical features, organisms, and outcomes of patients with delayed-onset bleb-associated endophthalmitis.Retrospective consecutive case series. Patients who were treated for delayed-onset bleb-associated endophthalmitis between January 1, 1996, and July 1, 2008, at a single institution were included. Information on visual acuities, clinical characteristics, causative organisms, and treatment outcomes were collected. Infections within 1 month of glaucoma filtering surgery, inadvertent filtering blebs after cataract surgery, and patients with glaucoma drainage devices were excluded.A total of 71 eyes from 68 patients were identified. An adjunctive antifibrotic agent was used in 48 eyes (68%). The mean time between surgery and endophthalmitis was 4.8 years (range, 0.1-16; standard deviation, 3.6). The average follow-up time after initial treatment was 37 months (range 1-144; standard deviation, 41). At presentation, 17 eyes (24%) had a bleb leak. Fifty-seven eyes (83%) were culture positive. The most common causative organisms were Streptococcus species in 20 eyes (30%), gram-negative organisms in 19 eyes (28%), and coagulase-negative Staphylococcus in 12 eyes (18%). All gram-positive isolates were sensitive to vancomycin. Nine eyes (13%) eventually underwent evisceration or enucleation secondary to pain and/or poor vision. The main outcome measure was best-corrected visual acuity at the last follow-up examination. Final visual acuities in the initial tap/inject group (n = 45) versus the initial vitrectomy group (n = 24) were as follows: = 20/40 (29% vs. 4.2%), 20/50 to 20/400 (36% vs. 29%), and <5/200 (36% vs. 62%).Streptococcus species and gram-negative organisms were the most common causative isolates identified in this case series of delayed-onset bleb-associated endophthalmitis. Despite treatment of the infection, visual outcomes were generally poor.

View details for DOI 10.1097/IAE.0b013e3181e09810

View details for PubMedID 20838358