• Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy is a disease of the heart muscle which causes certain areas to enlarge and obstruct blood flow.  Typically, it's inherited and can affect both children and adults.
  • Symptoms don't always appear in the early stages of the disease, but later can include dizziness, shortness of breath, fatigue and swelling of legs, ankles and feet.
  • Treatments include medication to alter how the heart muscle acts, surgery to remove a portion of the thickened heart muscle or implantation of a defibrillator, which starts the heart if it stops.
  • Anyone with a family history of unexplained early cardiac death should think about screening and genetic testing.
  • Euan Ashley, MD, recommends that young athletes be evaluated by a physician before they begin to do sports. Adults with family history of heart issues should see a physician to address their risk factors.  The disease can show itself in adults into their 40s and 50s.