Intravenous Iloprost in Subjects With Symptomatic Raynaud's Phenomenon Secondary to Systemic Sclerosis (Phase 3)

Trial ID or NCT#



not recruiting iconNOT RECRUITING


This is a Phase 3, multicenter, double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled study to evaluate the safety and efficacy of iloprost on the frequency of and relief from symptomatic digital ischemic episodes in subjects with systemic sclerosis.

Official Title

A Multicenter, Double-Blind, Randomized, Placebo-Controlled, Phase 3 Study Evaluating the Safety and Efficacy of Intravenous Iloprost in Subjects With Systemic Sclerosis Experiencing Symptomatic Digital Ischemic Episodes (AURORA Study)

Eligibility Criteria

Ages Eligible for Study: Older than 18 Years
Sexes Eligible for Study: All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers: No
Inclusion Criteria:
  1. - Male or female subjects must be greater than or equal to 18 years of age. - Subjects must have a diagnosis of Systemic Sclerosis as defined by the 2013 American College of Rheumatology criteria/EULAR criteria - Subjects must have a diagnosis or history of Raynaud's Phenomenon, self-reported or reported by a physician, with at least a 2-phase color change in finger(s) of pallor, cyanosis, and/or reactive hyperemia in response to cold exposure or emotion - Subjects must have a minimum of 10 symptomatic Raynaud's Phenomenon attacks, documented in the electronic patient-reported outcomes (ePRO) diary, occurring over at least 3 separate days of the 3- to 5-day eligibility period - Subjects must complete a minimum of 80% of the daily ePRO diary entry during the baseline period - Female subjects of childbearing potential and male subjects must agree to use contraception for the duration of the study. - Subjects must be willing and able to comply with the study requirements and give informed consent for participation in the study
Exclusion Criteria:
  1. - Female subjects who are pregnant or breastfeeding - Subjects with systolic blood pressure <85 mmHg - Subjects with an estimated glomerular filtration rate <15 mL/min/1.73 m2 - Subjects with an alanine aminotransferase and/or aspartate aminotransferase value >3 × the upper limit of normal at screening - Subjects who have a digital ulcer infection within 30 days of screening - Subjects with a history of cervical or digital sympathectomy, or botulism toxin injections in their hands [for RP or digital ulcers] within 90 days of screening. Subjects should not have a planned botulism toxin or sympathectomy during their participation in the study. - Subjects with gangrene or digital amputation within 6 months of screening - Subjects with current intractable diarrhea or vomiting - Subjects with a risk of clinically significant bleeding events, including those with coagulation or platelet disorders at screening - Subjects with a history of major trauma or hemorrhage within 30 days of screening. - Subjects with clinically significant chronic intermittent bleeding, such as active gastric antral vascular ectasia or active peptic ulcer disease, within 60 days of screening - Subjects who have had any cerebrovascular events (eg, transient ischemic attack or stroke) within 6 months of screening - Subjects with a history of myocardial infarction or unstable angina within 6 months of screening. Subjects should not have a planned coronary procedure during their participation in the study - Subjects with acute or chronic congestive heart failure (New York Heart Association Class III [moderate] or Class IV [severe]) at screening - Subjects with a history of more than mild restrictive or congestive cardiomyopathy uncontrolled by medication or implanted device - Subjects with a history of life-threatening cardiac arrhythmias - Subjects with a history of hemodynamically significant aortic or mitral valve disease - Subjects with a history of known pulmonary hypertension, pulmonary arterial hypertension, or pulmonary veno-occlusive disease - Subjects with a history of significant restrictive lung disease, defined as forced vital capacity <45% predicted and diffusing capacity of the lungs for carbon monoxide <40% predicted (uncorrected for hemoglobin) - Subjects with scleroderma renal crisis within 6 months of screening - Subjects with a concomitant life-threatening disease with a life expectancy <12 months - Subjects who have a clinically significant disorder that, in the opinion of the Investigator, could contraindicate the administration of study drug, affect compliance, interfere with study evaluations, or confound the interpretation of study results - Subjects who have taken or are currently taking any parenteral, inhaled, or oral prostacyclin or prostacyclin receptor agonists (eg, epoprostenol, treprostinil, iloprost, and selexipag) within 8 weeks of screening - Subjects who have initiated or had a dose change of any of the following within 2 weeks of screening: oral, topical, or intravenous (IV) vasodilators (eg, calcium channel blockers, phosphodiesterase-5 (PDE5) inhibitors [eg, sildenafil, tadalafil, or vardenafil], nitrates, and fluoxetine) - Subjects with any history of acetaminophen intolerability (eg, allergic reaction to acetaminophen) - Subjects with any malignancy that requires treatment during the study period, that has required treatment within 1 year of screening (including excision of skin cancer) or that is currently not in remission - Subjects who have used any investigational medication or device for any indication within 30 days or 5 half-lives (whichever is longer) - Subjects who have participated in ES-201 or ES-301 studies and were randomized and treated with study drug


Lorinda Chung
Lorinda Chung
Rheumatologist, Immunologist
Professor of Medicine (Immunology and Rheumatology) and, by courtesy, of Dermatology