Neural Links Between OCD and Anorexia

Trial ID or NCT#

NCT02085057

Status

not recruiting iconNOT RECRUITING

Purpose

Individuals with anorexia nervosa (AN) have long been observed to demonstrate symptoms in common with obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), in particular, an obsessive fear of normal weight leading to dangerous food restriction, as well as many compulsive rituals about food. Both AN and OCD are seriously handicapping and often resistant to conventional therapies. Given that the two conditions often co-occur and are associated with still unknown genetic risk factors, the aim of this project is to identify their shared and distinct patterns of brain activity. The investigators propose to use functional magnetic resonance imaging to compare brain response among adolescents with AN, OCD, and age-matched healthy individuals. Specifically, this study will investigate function of distinct brain circuits related to core aspects of these related disorders. The investigators use three tasks related to set shifting, global vs. local processing, and reward. Based on evidence of deficits in cognitive flexibility and ability to change behavior, the investigators hypothesize that adolescents with AN and with OCD will show hypoactivity of frontostriatal circuitry during cognitive tasks, and adolescents with AN will show hyperactivity in limbic regions in a reward task. This study is the first to directly compare brain activation patterns using functional neuroimaging in AN and OCD. The goal is to determine how abnormal brain activity relates to symptom formation, what accounts for shared characteristics amongst these disorders, and whether deficits in specific circuitry underlie their unique defining features. The study of shared and unique elements of functional brain circuitry reflects a new, emerging approach to the classification of psychiatric illness, one based on identifying unique combinations of biological risk factors that link related conditions. This approach is widely believed to be a critical step forward in developing more brain-relevant targeted strategies for preventative interventions.

Official Title

Shared and Unique Neural Links Between OCD and Anorexia: Investigating Biological Mechanisms of Phenotypic Expression

Eligibility Criteria

Ages Eligible for Study: 12 Years to 19 Years
Sexes Eligible for Study: Female
Accepts Healthy Volunteers: Yes
Inclusion Criteria:
  1. - female - age 12-19 - anorexia nervosa diagnosis OR obsessive-compulsive diagnosis OR no psychiatric disorder
Exclusion Criteria:
  1. - any contraindication for MRI (orthodontia, vascular stent, metallic ear tubes, metal implants, piercings, etc.) - neurological disorder, psychiatric disorder, or any major sensory deficit not associated with eating disorders or OCD (blindness, head trauma, bipolar disorder, seizure disorder, etc.) - pregnancy - below 85% of ideal body weight

Investigator(s)

Cara Bohon

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Contact

Molly Vierhile
650-723-7885