Albumin in Acute Ischemic Stroke Trial
Trial ID or NCT#
The goal of the trial is to determine whether human albumin, administered within 5 hours of symptom onset, improves the 3-month outcome of subjects with acute ischemic stroke.
A Phase III Randomized Multicenter Clinical Trial Of High-Dose Human Albumin Therapy For Neuroprotection In Acute Ischemic Stroke
- - Acute ischemic stroke - NIH stroke scale score > 5 - Age >= 18 and <= 83 - ALB or placebo can be administered within 5 hours of symptom onset - ALB or placebo can be administered within 60 minutes of Tissue Plasminogen Activator (tPA) administration in the thrombolysis group - Signed informed consent
- - Episode/exacerbation of congestive heart failure (CHF) from any cause in the last 6 months. An episode of congestive heart failure is any heart failure that required a change in medication, diet or hospitalization. - Known valvular heart disease with CHF in the last 6 months. - Severe aortic stenosis or mitral stenosis. - Cardiac surgery involving thoracotomy (e.g., coronary artery bypass graft (CABG), valve replacement surgery) in the last 6 months. - Acute myocardial infarction in the last 6 months. - Signs or symptoms of acute myocardial infarction, including ECG findings, on admission. - Baseline elevated serum troponin level on admission (>0.1 mcg/L) - Suspicion of aortic dissection on admission. - Acute arrhythmia (including any tachycardia - or bradycardia) with hemodynamic instability. - Findings on physical examination of any of the following: (1) jugular venous distention (JVP > 4 cm above the sternal angle); (2) 3rd heart sound; (3) resting tachycardia (heart rate > 100/min) attributable to congestive heart failure; (4) abnormal hepatojugular reflux; (5) lower extremity pitting edema attributable to congestive heart failure; and/or (6) definite chest x-ray evidence of pulmonary edema. - Current acute or chronic lung disease requiring supplemental chronic or intermittent oxygen therapy. - Historical Modified Rankin Score (mRS) ≥2. Patients who live in a nursing home or who are not fully independent for activities of daily living immediately prior to the stroke are not eligible for the trial. - In-patient stroke. I.e., patients with a stroke occurring as a complication of hospitalization for another condition, or as a complication of a procedure. - Planned acute use of intra-arterial (IA) tPA or acute endovascular intervention (e.g., stenting, angioplasty, thrombus retrieval device use) must conform to the following criteria: (1) begin within 5 hours of symptom onset, and (2) finish within 7 hours of symptom-onset. - Fever, defined as core body temperature > 37.5° C (99.5°F). - Serum creatinine > 2.0 mg/dL or 180 µmol/L. - Profound dehydration. - Evidence of intracranial hemorrhage (intracerebral hematoma (ICH), subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH), epidural hemorrhage, acute or chronic subdural hematoma (SDH)) on the baseline CT or MRI scan. - History of allergy to albumin. - History of latex rubber allergy. - Severe chronic anemia with Hgb < 7.5 g/dL - Pregnancy, breastfeeding or positive pregnancy test. (Women of childbearing age must have a negative pregnancy test prior to ALB administration.) - Concurrent participation in any other therapeutic clinical trial. - Evidence of any other major life-threatening or serious medical condition that would prevent completion of 3-month follow-up, impair the assessment of outcome, or in which ALB therapy would be contraindicated or might cause harm to the subject.
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