IMAGE: A Comparison of AlloMap Molecular Testing and Traditional Biopsy-based Surveillance for Heart Transplant Rejection

Trial ID or NCT#



not recruiting iconNOT RECRUITING


This study is designed to evaluate the safety and efficacy of a leukocyte gene expression profiling method in the monitoring of asymptomatic heart transplant patients for acute rejection.

Official Title

Invasive Monitoring Attenuation Through Gene Expression (IMAGE) Trial

Eligibility Criteria

Ages Eligible for Study: Older than 18 Years
Sexes Eligible for Study: All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers: No
Inclusion Criteria:
  1. 1. Heart transplant recipients who are > 6 months to 5 years (> 6-60 months) post-transplant. 2. Age ≥ 18 years. 3. Stable outpatient being seen for routine monitoring of rejection. Stability is defined as absence of prior or current evidence of either severe cardiac allograft vasculopathy (CAV) or antibody-mediated rejection (AMR) with associated hemodynamic compromise. 1. Severe CAV is defined as either - > 50% left main stenosis; - ≥ 50% stenosis in ≥ 2 primary vessels (proximal 1/3 or middle 1/3 of the LAD or LCx, RCA to takeoff of PDA in right-dominant coronary circulations) or - Isolated branch stenoses of > 50% in all 3 systems (diagonal branches, obtuse marginal branches, distal 1/3 of LAD or LCx, PDA, PLB, and RCA to takeoff of PDA in non-dominant systems). 2. AMR with associated hemodynamic compromise is defined as AMR (defined according to local criteria) with either - A left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) ≤ 30% or at least 25% lower than the baseline value, - A cardiac index < 2 l/min/m2, or - The use of inotropic agents to support circulation. 4. Left ventricular ejection fraction ≥ 45% by Echocardiography, Multiple Gated Acquisition (MUGA) scan, or ventriculography at study entry (baseline / enrollment study).
Exclusion Criteria:
  1. 1. Patients < 7 calendar months after heart transplantation. 2. Any clinical signs of declining graft function: 1. Symptoms of Congestive Heart Failure (CHF) at the enrollment visit. 2. Signs of decompensated heart failure, including the development of a new S3 gallop at the enrollment visit. 3. Elevated right heart pressures with diminished cardiac index < 2.2 L/min/m2 that is new compared to a previous measurement within 6 months. 4. Decrease in LVEF as measured by echocardiography: ≥ 25% compared to prior measurement within 6 months. 3. Rejection therapy for biopsy-proven ISHLT Grade 3A or higher during the preceding 2 months. 4. Major changes in immunosuppression therapy within previous 30 days (e.g., discontinuation of calcineurin inhibitors, switch from mycophenolate mofetil to sirolimus or vice versa). 5. Unable to give written informed consent. 6. Patient receiving hematopoietic growth factors (e.g., Neupogen, Epogen) currently or during the previous 30 days. 7. Patients receiving ≥ 20 mg/day of prednisone equivalent corticosteroids at the time of enrollment. 8. Patient enrolled in a trial requiring routine surveillance endomyocardial biopsies. 9. Patient received transfusion within preceding 4 weeks. 10. Patients with end-stage renal disease requiring some form of renal replacement therapy (hemodialysis or peritoneal dialysis). 11. Pregnancy at the time of enrollment.


Hannah Valantine
Hannah Valantine
Professor of Medicine (Cardiovascular)