Optimal Treatment for Women With a Persisting Pregnancy of Unknown Location
Trial ID or NCT#
This is a randomized controlled trial to compare three currently available management strategies for women with a persisting pregnancy of unknown location (PPUL), which makes them at-risk for ectopic pregnancy. We will recruit hemodynamically stable women with a confirmed PPUL to be randomized to one of three strategies: 1) Uterine evacuation followed by methotrexate (MTX) for some (those that have evidence of a non visualized ectopic pregnancy) 2) Empiric treatment with MTX for all 3) Expectant management. Randomization will be 1:1:1 into these three arms. After randomization, they will be followed and treated clinically as is indicated by the progression of their condition. Primary outcome measures: uneventful decline of hCG to 5 IU/mL.
Optimal Treatment for Women With a Persisting Pregnancy of Unknown Location - a Randomized Clinical Trial of Women at Risk for an Ectopic Pregnancy: Active Treatment Versus No Treatment
- - Female with a persisting pregnancy of unknown location:
- - A pregnancy of unknown location is defined as a pregnancy in a woman with a positive pregnancy test but no definitive signs of pregnancy in the uterus or adnexa on ultrasound imaging. A definitive sign of gestation includes ultrasound visualization of a gestational sac with a yolk sac (with or without an embryo) in the uterus or in the adnexa. Ultrasound must be performed within 7 days prior to randomization.
- - Persistence of hCG is defined as at least 2 serial hCG values (over 2-14 days), showing < 15% rise per day, or < 50% fall between the first and last value.
- - Patient is hemodynamically stable, hemoglobin >10 mg/dL
- - Greater than or 18 years of age
- - Hemodynamically unstable in need of acute treatment
- - Most recent hCG > 5000 mIU/mL
- - Patient obtaining care in relation to a recently completed pregnancy (delivery, spontaneous or elective abortion)
- - Diagnosis of gestational trophoblastic disease
- - Subject unwilling or unable to comply with study procedures
- - Known hypersensitivity to MTX
- - Presence of clinical contraindications for treatment with MTX
- - Prior medical or surgical management of this gestation
- - Subject unwilling to accept a blood transfusion
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Oshra Sedan, PhD
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