Nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) studies of extracts have proven to be a powerful window onto the intracellular machinery of cells and tissues. The major advantages of in vitro 1H-NMR, namely chemical preservation, simultaneous detection, identification, and quantitation of compounds, and sensitivity to a large variety of classes of compounds, are employed in this study to characterize the metabolic course of mitogen-stimulated proliferation of human peripheral lymphocytes. A reliable method to quantitate amino acids, metabolic intermediates, soluble membrane lipid precursors, and purine, pyridine and pyrimidine nucleotides is presented, using samples as small as 30 mg wet weight. A total of 53 substances were detected in lymphocytes and other blood cells. During the course of lymphocyte culture, changes in intracellular concentrations of lactate, taurine, inositol and nucleotides, including NAD, IMP and high-energy phosphates, were especially marked. 1H-NMR compares favorably to 31P-NMR and to HPLC, and is especially attractive in light of expectations for future in vivo application.
View details for Web of Science ID A1990DZ01600007
View details for PubMedID 2119233