beta 2 adrenergic receptor polymorphisms and nocturnal blood pressure dipping status in the Wisconsin Sleep Cohort Study JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN SOCIETY OF HYPERTENSION Vardeny, O., Peppard, P. E., Finn, L. A., Faraco, J. H., Mignot, E., Hla, K. M. 2011; 5 (2): 114-122


Nondipping nocturnal blood pressure (BP) is associated with target organ damage and cardiovascular disease. We hypothesized that ß1- and ß2-AR-associated single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) would associate with nondipping BP patterns. Participants (n = 497, age range 30-74 years, 40% female) of the Wisconsin Sleep Cohort Study with at least one ambulatory BP monitoring test were included. Nondipping was defined as less than a 10% dip in sleep BP compared with wake BP. Dipping ratios were calculated as sleep/wake BP. Single nucleotide polymorphisms in the ß1-AR (rs7076938, tagging for Gly389Arg) and ß2-AR (rs17778257 and rs2400707, tagging for Arg16Gly and Gln27Glu) were selected. ß2-AR SNP rs2400707 A-positive subjects (tagging for Glu27) had higher systolic and diastolic dipping ratios in a dose-response fashion. Systolic dipping ratios were: GG = 0.846; AG = 0.854; AA = 0.861 (P = .015). Diastolic dip ratios were: GG = 0.807; AG = 0.815; AA = 0.824 (P = .026). The ß2-AR rs17778257/rs2400707 A/A haplotype was associated with dipping ratios and systolic nondipping status (nondipping odds radio 2.0 [1.0-3.8] for A/A versus A/G). Results were similar when models included participants on antihypertensive medications. Higher dipping ratios indicating a lack of nocturnal BP dipping are associated with ß2-AR polymorphisms. Nocturnal dipping patterns may be modulated by ß2-AR polymorphisms.

View details for DOI 10.1016/j.jash.2011.01.005

View details for Web of Science ID 000289136500007

View details for PubMedID 21414566

View details for PubMedCentralID PMC3071556