Institutional Variation in the Surgical Treatment of Breast Cancer A Study of the NCCN ANNALS OF SURGERY Greenberg, C. C., Lipsitz, S. R., Hughes, M. E., Edge, S. B., Theriault, R., Wilson, J. L., Carter, W. B., Blayney, D. W., Niland, J., Weeks, J. C. 2011; 254 (2): 339-345


To investigate the relationship between supply of subspecialty care and type of procedure preferentially performed for early stage breast cancer.Three surgical options exist for early stage breast cancer: (1) breast conserving surgery (BCS), (2) mastectomy with reconstruction (RECON), and (3) mastectomy alone. Current guidelines recommend that surgical treatment decisions should be based on patient preference if a patient is eligible for all 3. However, studies demonstrate persistent variation in the use of BCS and RECON.Patients undergoing an operation for DCIS or stage I or II breast cancer at NCCN institutions between 2000 and 2006 were identified. Institutional procedure rates were determined. Spearman correlations measured the association between procedure types. Patient-level logistic regression models investigated predictors of procedure type and association with institutional supply of subspecialty care.Among 10,607 patients, 19% had mastectomy alone, 60% BCS, and 21% RECON. The institutional rate of BCS and RECON were strongly correlated (r = -0.80, P = 0.02). Institution was more important than all patient factors except age in predicting receipt of RECON or BCS. RECON was more likely for patients treated at an institution with a greater supply of reconstructive surgeons or where patients live further from radiation facilities. RECON was less likely at institutions with longer waiting times for surgery with reconstruction.Even within the NCCN, a consortium of multidisciplinary cancer centers, the use of BCS and mastectomy with reconstruction substantially varies by institution and correlates with the supply of subspecialty care.

View details for DOI 10.1097/SLA.0b013e3182263bb0

View details for Web of Science ID 000292908700023

View details for PubMedID 21725233