Metabolic abnormalities characteristic of dysmetabolic syndrome predict the development of transplant coronary artery disease - A prospective study CIRCULATION Valantine, H., Rickenbacker, P., Kemna, M., Hunt, S., CHEN, Y. D., Reaven, G., Stinson, E. B. 2001; 103 (17): 2144-2152


This study examines the hypothesis that metabolic abnormalities of dysmetabolic syndrome are risk factors for transplant coronary artery disease (TxCAD).Sixty-six patients without overt diabetes, 2 to 4 years after surgery, underwent intracoronary ultrasound (ICUS), measurement of plasma glucose and insulin after oral glucose (75 g), and fasting lipid and lipoproteins. TxCAD incidence by angiography or autopsy was prospectively determined during subsequent follow-up (8 years). Coronary artery intimal thickness (IT) and subsequent outcomes were compared in patients stratified as having "high" versus "low" plasma glucose (>8.9 mmol/L) and insulin (>760 pmol/L) 2 hours after glucose challenge; and "abnormal" versus "normal" fasting lipid and lipoprotein concentrations as defined by the National Cholesterol EducationPatients with high glucose or insulin concentrations had greater IT: 0.38+/-0.05 versus 0.22+/-0.02 mm, P0.3 mm than with IT

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View details for PubMedID 11331254