(1) To determine the efficacy of automatically adjusted positive airway pressure (APAP) with a comfort feature (A-Flex) at reducing apneas and hypopneas in participants with moderate to severe OSA. (2) To determine the relative difference between A-Flex, continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP), and APAP-derived optimal pressure for CPAP (CPAP(APAP)) on adherence to treatment. (3) To determine the relative difference between APAP with A-Flex, CPAP, and CPAP(APAP) on long-term change in functional outcomes.Randomized, double-blinded, 3-arm, multicenter trial.University and Veterans Affairs medical centers.168 participants were randomized, and 140 completed the 180-day study.(1) A-Flex; (2) CPAP; (3) APAP for 14 days and then switched to CPAP at a fixed pressure.Apnea-hypopnea indices, average and minimum oxygen saturation, time spent < 90% were significantly poorer for A-Flex vs. CPAP at the initiation of study treatment; with the exception of minimum oxygen saturation, these differences were absent at 180 days. A-Flex had lower average leak values at both 3 and 6 months. There were no significant differences between groups in major efficacy, adherence, and outcome (subjective sleepiness, objective vigilance, blood pressure, quality of life) measures. No differences between groups in attitudes toward use were observed at 3 or 6 months; participant ratings for CPAP were significantly higher than A-Flex on treatment satisfaction and benefit, but not different for sleep quality and mask comfort.We found that A-Flex shows equivalency, but non-superiority (except for average leak values), in efficacy, adherence, and functional outcomes compared to CPAP after either 3 or 6 months. CLINICAL TRIAL REGISTRY: Positive Pressure Treatment of Obstructive Sleep Apnea, http://www.clinicaltrials.gov, NCT00636181.
View details for DOI 10.5665/SLEEP.1166
View details for Web of Science ID 000293466200013
View details for PubMedID 21804670
View details for PubMedCentralID PMC3138163