Multiple modalities with varying degrees of complexity and risks exist in the treatment of the aging face. Paramount to all treatment paradigms is photoprotection to prevent further damage. Intervetions should be geared towards addressing the intrinsic and extrinsic signs of aging and can include topical retinoid therapy, superficial chemical and laser resurfacing, botulinum toxin and soft tissue fillers. The combination of these primary, secondary, and tertiary therapies will address the underlying pathophysiologic changes of the aging face and thus will provide the optimal aesthetic outcome.
View details for DOI 10.1016/j.maturitas.2011.07.020
View details for Web of Science ID 000296684900009
View details for PubMedID 21873005