Risk for obstructive sleep apnea in obese, nondiabetic adults varies with insulin resistance status SLEEP AND BREATHING Liu, A., Kushida, C. A., Reaven, G. M. 2013; 17 (1): 333-338


Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is an increasingly common sleep disorder, especially among obese adults. Early identification of adults at risk for OSA would be of substantial benefit; however, the magnitude of the obesity epidemic requires that screening be performed judiciously. The study's aim was to utilize questionnaires that assess OSA risk and symptoms to test the hypothesis that the most insulin-resistant subset of obese individuals is at highest risk for OSA.Nondiabetic, overweight to obese volunteers underwent direct quantification of insulin sensitivity by measuring steady-state plasma glucose concentrations during the insulin suppression test. Insulin-sensitive and insulin-resistant individuals were administered the Berlin and STOP questionnaires to determine OSA risk status, and Epworth Sleepiness Scale (ESS) to evaluate daytime sleepiness. Fasting insulin and lipid/lipoprotein measurements were performed.Insulin-mediated glucose disposal differed threefold (p?

View details for DOI 10.1007/s11325-012-0696-0

View details for Web of Science ID 000315167200052

View details for PubMedID 22481243

View details for PubMedCentralID PMC3654654