Mucous membrane pemphigoid (MMP) is a rare autoimmune blistering dermatosis of humans that was previously known as cicatricial pemphigoid. It is characterized by vesicles, ulcers and scarring that affect predominantly mucosae and mucocutaneous junctions. Circulating autoantibodies recognize epitopes on basement membrane proteins such as collagen XVII or laminin-5/6. Herein, we describe the clinico-pathological and immunological characteristics of 17 dogs afflicted with a dermatosis homologous to MMP of humans. Patients exhibited vesicles and erosions predominantly on mucous membranes or mucocutaneous junctions of the mouth, nose, eyes, genitalia or anus. Histopathology revealed subepithelial vesicles with variable dermal inflammation. Direct immunofluorescence demonstrated IgG or complement at the dermoepithelial junction. Indirect immunofluorescence using salt-split epithelia permitted the detection of circulating basement membrane-specific IgG autoantibodies in 15 cases. In 11 patients, autoantibodies recognized the NC16A segment of collagen XVII, as determined by salt-split indirect immunofluorescence, immunoblotting using canine keratinocytes and ELISA with synthetic canine peptides. In one dog, autoantiodies bound to the dermal side of salt-split epithelia and recognized epitopes within the 30 kDa carboxy-terminal segment of human collagen XVII. Canine MMP, like its human counterpart, exhibits distinctive clinical signs and histopathological lesions, yet circulating autoantibodies target different antigenic epitopes. This spontaneous canine model of MMP could prove useful for studies on the pathogenesis or therapy of this human disease.
View details for DOI 10.1006/jaut.2001.0510
View details for Web of Science ID 000169515500005
View details for PubMedID 11437489