Primary cutaneous B-cell lymphomas (PCBCL) are rare. Marginal zone lymphomas and follicle center lymphomas (FCL) represent a majority of these cases, and a significant number of cases present with multiple lesions. It is unclear whether multiple lesions in PCBCL represent dissemination of a single clone or multiple new primary lymphomas. In the current study, we analyzed paired samples from 20 PCBCL patients at more than 1 site (16) or at the same site at different time points (4) and 12 patients with benign lymphoid infiltrates to investigate for the presence or absence of a clone, and if present, whether the clones were identical. Both IGH@ and IGK@ rearrangements were tested using the BIOMED-2 protocol. We identified a clone (IGH@ and/or IGK@) in 19 of 20 (95%) PCBCL patients and 2 of 12 (17%) benign lymphoid infiltrate patients. The B-cell clones were proven to be identical in 11 of 20 (55%) PCBCL patients, including 7 of 16(44%) biopsies from patients with 2 different sites and 4 of 4 biopsies (100%) from patients at the same site but different time points. In 4 cases (3 FCL and 1 marginal zone lymphoma), different clones were detected at different sites, suggesting the possibility of a second simultaneous primary lymphoma. Our results indicate that the presence of identical clones is highly suggestive of lymphoma. To our knowledge, this is the first report to investigate the detection of identical clones in 2 distinct biopsies in PCBCL patients. Although the study is small and the results need to be confirmed in a larger study, these findings suggest that a subset of PCBCL at different sites may represent different primary tumors rather than occurrence of a single disease.
View details for DOI 10.1097/DAD.0b013e318255dbae
View details for Web of Science ID 000314103600006
View details for PubMedID 22588547