The roles of humoral and cellular antitumor immune responses induced by immunization with tumor-derived idiotypic IgM were studied in a syngeneic, transplantable B cell lymphoma (38C13) of C3H mice. Id vaccination with keyhole limpet hemocyanin-conjugated Id induced protection against a subsequent lethal tumor challenge. Such immunizations elicited anti-idiotypic antibodies that were cytotoxic in in vitro antibody-dependent cellular cytotoxicity assays as well as in vivo passive transfer experiments. L3T4+ T cells, which proliferated in vitro in response to the specific Id protein, were also induced. However, cells mediating direct cytotoxicity, either in vitro or in vivo, were not observed in the lymph nodes, spleens, or peritoneal cavity of immune mice or at the site of tumor regression as demonstrated by using a tumor sponge implantation model. In addition, in vitro sensitization of immune lymphocytes against 38C13 tumor cells failed to induce cytotoxicity. Immunization with lipid conjugated Id also elicited a T cell proliferative response but failed to induce anti-idiotypic antibodies and did not confer resistance to tumor growth. These results suggest that anti-idiotypic antibodies play the major role in the destruction of 38C13 tumor cells. However, in vivo depletion of L3T4+ or Lyt-2+ cells from 38C-Id-keyhole limpet hemocyanin-immunized mice resulted in diminished protection against a tumor challenge. Thus, although humoral responses appear to play the predominant part in tumor destruction, cellular responses are also required for the full expression of antitumor immunity in this system.
View details for Web of Science ID A1990DQ56900035
View details for PubMedID 2373859