Mammary epithelial cell spreading on collagen gels has previously been shown to be correlated with the synthesis of a group of calcium-binding proteins (CBPs) which we have identified as the calcium-binding proteins termed calelectrins and calpactin I monomer/p36. To determine whether cell spreading per se is required for CBP synthesis, we examined the effect of cytochalasin D on these two events. Concentrations of cytochalasin D that did not reduce total protein synthesis, caused inhibition of cell spreading in a dose-dependent manner, but did not cause inhibition of CBP synthesis. Synthesis of collagen also continued during cytochalasin inhibition of cell spreading. Removal of the inhibitor from the cultures initiated cell spreading and CBP synthesis continued. Membrane-cytoskeleton complexes from control and CD treated cells were identical in regard to binding CBPs in a calcium-dependent manner. Colchicine, which inhibited cell spreading, was shown to be toxic to general protein synthesis at 75 nM. The data clearly indicate that mere inhibition of epithelial cell spreading does not automatically suppress CBP synthesis.
View details for Web of Science ID A1989T948700002
View details for PubMedID 2524259