Previous observations present tremendous variations in the properties of deoxycytidine kinase. To clarify the properties and physiologic role of deoxycytidine kinase, we have undertaken its purification. Deoxycytidine kinase was purified from cultured human T-lymphoblasts (MOLT-4) to 90% purity with an estimated specific activity of 8 mumol min-1 (mg of protein)-1. The purification procedure included ammonium sulfate precipitation, Superose-12 HPLC gel filtration chromatography, DE-52 ion-exchange chromatography, AMP-Sepharose 4B affinity chromatography, and dCTP-Sepharose-4B affinity chromatography. Deoxyguanosine, deoxyadenosine, and cytidine phosphorylating activities copurified with deoxycytidine kinase to final specific activities of 7.2, 13.5, and 4 mumol min-1 (mg of protein)-1, respectively. The enzyme is very unstable at low protein concentration and is stabilized by storage at -85 degrees C with 1 mg/mL bovine serum albumin, 20% glycerol (v/v), 200 mM potassium chloride, and 25 mM dithiothreitol. The molecular weight was 60,000, and the Stokes radius was 32 A by gel filtration chromatography. The subunit molecular weight was 30,500. This enzyme had apparent Km values of 1.5, 430, 500, 450, and 40 microM for deoxycytidine, deoxyguanosine, deoxyadenosine, cytidine, and cytosine arabinoside, respectively. The pH optimum ranged from 6.5 to 9.0. Mg2+ and Mn2+ were the preferred divalent cations. ATP, GTP, dGTP, ITP, dITP, TTP, and XTP were substrates for the enzymes. Our study indicates that deoxycytidine kinase is a dimer with two subunits and has phosphorylating activity for deoxyguanosine, deoxyadenosine, cytidine, and cytosine arabinoside. This highly purified enzyme will facilitate the study of its regulation and phosphorylation of anticancer or antiviral nucleoside analogues.
View details for Web of Science ID A1989R737300017
View details for PubMedID 2539852