Deoxyadenosine at low concentrations and in the presence of an inhibitor of adenosine deaminase (adenosine aminohydrolase, EC 126.96.36.199) is markedly toxic to lymphoblast cell lines of T cell origin but does not impair growth of B cell lines. Deoxyguanosine is also more toxic for T lymphoblasts. In the presence of deoxyadenosine or deoxyguanosine, elevation of the corresponding deoxyribonucleoside triphosphate (dATP or dGTP) occurs in T cell, but not in B cell, lines. The addition of deoxycytidine or dipyridamole results in lower dATP and dGTP levels and prevents deoxyribonucleoside toxicity. These findings provide a molecular basis for the immunodeficiency observed in individuals with several inborn errors of purine metabolism.
View details for Web of Science ID A1978FU61400084
View details for PubMedID 311004