The antitumor effects of Corynebacterium parvum in a murine ovarian teratocarcinoma model depend upon a sequential activation of neutrophils and macrophages within the peritoneal cavity. We studied the sequential administration of biological response modifiers that independently activate each phase of the response. Tumor-challenged mice treated by i.p. injection of a pyridine-extracted fraction of cell-free Propionibacterium acnes (PA-PE, 1400 micrograms) demonstrated prolonged survival in less than 20% of the cases. An i.p. injection of a detoxified Salmonella endotoxin (DSE) preparation (150 micrograms) had no effect on tumor outgrowth. However, i.p. treatment with PA-PE (1400 micrograms), followed by 150 micrograms of DSE 1 day later, resulted in long-term survival (greater than 100 days) in 40 to 60% of mice. This antitumor effect was only evident when PA-PE was administered first (before DSE) and optimal when DSE was administered 24 h after PA-PE. The synergistic antitumor effect could be duplicated when tumor-challenged mice were first treated i.p. with peritoneal polymorphonuclear leukocytes, elicited by injection of PA-PE, and then treated with DSE 18 h later. These data indicate that appropriately timed injection of biological response modifiers with complementary effects can result in a synergistic prevention of tumor growth.
View details for Web of Science ID A1985APR5700038
View details for PubMedID 4028011