Sixty-eight well-fixed acetabular cups with osteolysis in the pelvis and polyethylene wear were identified from a series of 124 reoperations for failed cementless sockets. The well-fixed sockets requiring reoperation were subdivided based on whether the liner was exchanged and lytic lesion grafted (Type I case) or the socket was removed and a complete revision was done (Type II case). In 40 patients (Type I cases), the polyethylene liner was exchanged and the osteolytic lesions were debrided. Allograft bone chips were packed into the lytic defect in 29 patients. In the remaining 11 patients, the lesions were debrided but not grafted. At final followup, all of the acetabular components were radiographically stable. No new osteolytic lesions were identified. Approximately 1/3 of the lesions had resolved completely regardless of whether they were grafted. The remaining 2/3 had decreased in size. In 28 patients (Type II cases), the socket was revised. Both strategies were successful in arresting the process of osteolysis during the course of this study (mean, 3.5 years). However, removal of well-fixed sockets was associated with significantly more bone loss.
View details for Web of Science ID 000172493400010
View details for PubMedID 11764374