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IMMUNOTHERAPY WITH BIOCHEMICALLY DISSOCIATED FRACTIONS OF PROPIONIBACTERIUM ACNES IN A MURINE OVARIAN-CANCER MODEL CANCER RESEARCH Berek, J. S., Cantrell, J. L., Lichtenstein, A. K., Hacker, N. F., Knox, R. M., Nieberg, R. K., Poth, T., Elashoff, R. M., Lagasse, L. D., ZIGHELBOIM, J. 1984; 44 (5): 1871-1875


The antitumor effect of two strains of Propionibacterium acnes (PAI and PAII) and chemically derived fractions from the whole bacterial cell were studied using a murine ovarian teratocarcinoma (MOT) model. When injected i.p. in high doses (700 to 1400 micrograms/mouse), both strains produce survival of a significant proportion of tumor-bearing mice (30 to 90%). On a weight to weight basis, however, PAI was significantly more effective than PAII. PAI and PAII were extracted using pyridine, which yielded four fractions, i.e., pyridine-extracted strains PAI and PAII (PA-PEI and PA-PEII, respectively) which are composed of the cell wall material extracted by pyridine, and the residues of PA-PEI and PA-PEII (PA-RI and PA-RII, respectively) which are composed of the residue material following the chemical extraction. The chemical composition of PA-PEI was different from that of PA-PEII (the latter had proportionately three times as many carbohydrates and one-third of the protein content of the former) and so were their antitumor properties in the MOT model. PA-PEI had markedly reduced antitumor effect when compared to the untreated cell on a per weight basis. Furthermore, curability was only seen when using a high dose (1400 micrograms/mouse). By contrast, the cell wall components extracted by pyridine from PAII (PA-PEII) had powerful antitumor effects, i.e., greater than 50% of mice given 1400-micrograms injections survived. The material contained in PA-PEII was further fractionated on the basis of its organic solubility in chloroform:methanol solvent. The water-soluble and solvent-insoluble fractions retained most of the antitumor effects of PA-PEII, while the water-insoluble and solvent-soluble fractions were only moderately effective, suggesting that the active moiety(ies) was associated with the nonlipid components of this fraction. Both residue fractions (PA-RI and PA-RII) were as effective on a per weight basis in controlling the growth of 10(5) tumor inoculum as were whole untreated cells. However, periodate oxidation of PA-RI resulted in complete loss of its antitumor effects. When surviving mice that had no evidence of tumor persistence following a tumor challenge (10(5) MOT cells) and i.p. treatment with PA were subsequently rechallenged with 10(4) tumor cells, survival was significantly prolonged, as compared to tumor-challenged (10(4) MOT) naive mice. In addition, 10 to 20% of these rechallenged mice had complete eradication of the tumor inoculum (no evidence of disease for greater than 120 days).(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 400 WORDS)

View details for Web of Science ID A1984SP29800027

View details for PubMedID 6713388