DIFFERENTIAL PATTERNS OF CIRCULATING INTERCELLULAR-ADHESION MOLECULE-1 (CICAM-1) AND VASCULAR CELL-ADHESION MOLECULE-1 (CVCAM-1) DURING LIVER ALLOGRAFT-REJECTION 13th Annual Meeting of the American-Society-of-Transplant-Physicians Lang, T., Krams, S. M., Villanueva, J. C., Cox, K., So, S., Martinez, O. M. WILLIAMS & WILKINS. 1995: 584–89


During allograft rejection, adhesion molecules play an integral role in infiltration, activation, and binding of effector cells to target tissue. Some adhesion molecules, including ICAM-1 and VCAM-1, exist in soluble, circulating forms that retain ligand-binding activity. In the present study the levels of circulating ICAM-1 (cICAM-1) and VCAM-1 (cVCAM-1) were compared in the serum and bile of pediatric liver recipients. The cICAM-1 was significantly elevated in the serum during allograft rejection and infection relative to periods when no rejection was apparent. Biliary cICAM-1, however, was specifically elevated during rejection and not during infection or when no rejection was apparent. The cVCAM-1 levels were elevated in the serum during rejection compared with levels when no rejection was evident. In contrast, cVCAM-1 was not detected in the bile. Serum levels of both cICAM-1 and cVCAM-1 decreased rapidly following successful treatment for rejection, whereas elevated levels persisted, or increased, in ongoing rejection. The differential patterns of the circulating forms of ICAM-1 and cVCAM-1 were consistent with the membrane expression of these molecules during graft rejection. ICAM-1 expression was extensive on bile duct epithelium, endothelium, hepatocytes, and infiltrating leukocytes during rejection, while VCAM-1 was restricted to endothelium. These findings indicate that the release of circulating adhesion molecules is a prominent feature of liver allograft rejection. Measurement of these markers may be useful in distinguishing rejection from infection and in determining the efficacy of treatment for rejection.

View details for Web of Science ID A1995QK22500025

View details for PubMedID 7533349