Inosine-5'-monophosphate dehydrogenase (IMPDH) activity and mRNA levels are induced up to 15-fold upon mitogenic or antigenic stimulation of human peripheral blood T lymphocytes. This increase in IMPDH activity is required for cellular proliferation and has been associated with malignant transformation. We have cloned the human IMPDH type II gene and show that it contains 14 exons and is approximately 5.8 kilobases in length. Exons vary in size from 49 to 207 base pairs and introns from 73 to 1065 base pairs. The transcription start site was mapped to a position 50 nucleotides upstream of the translation initiation site. The 5'-flanking region consisting of 463 base pairs upstream of the translation initiation site confers induced transcription and differential regulation upon a chloramphenicol acetyltransferase reporter gene when transfected into Jurkat T cells and human peripheral blood T lymphocytes, respectively. DNase I footprinting analysis using Jurkat T cell nuclear extract identified four protected regions in the promoter which coincide with consensus transcription factor binding sites for the nuclear factors AP2, ATF, CREB, Egr-1, Nm23, and Sp1. These findings suggest that several of these nuclear factors may play a critical role in the regulation of IMPDH type II gene expression during T lymphocyte activation.
View details for Web of Science ID A1995QQ85500058
View details for PubMedID 7896827